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Ovulation Cycle: How to Determine Ovulation Date in 6 Steps?

How to determine ovulation?

Ovulation cycle normally takes turns with period. Natural mission of ovulation is to produce an ovum for impregnation. If conception doesn’t occur, the ovum dies and the next opportunity to conceive a woman gets in the next cycle. Since conception is directly associated with ovulation, the latter phenomenon needs more clarification in order to understand how the mechanism of getting pregnant works. This article will be useful for all women, especially for those, planning pregnancy.

Ovulation Cycle: Insight Into a Mystery of Ovulation

After menstruation two important biological cycles are triggered practically simultaneously in the female organism – ovulatory and endometrial. Ovulation results in a release of a mature ovum, ready for impregnation, while in the course of endometrial cycle uterine walls are preparing for implantation of the fertilized egg. Both cycles are closely related to each other, because changes in endometrium are regulated by the hormones, produced in the ovaries.

During the cycle of ovulation 20 or more follicles may start the process, leading to ovulation. But only one of them can release a mature ovum. Closely to the moment of ovulation this follicle approaches the ovary’s wall, that is getting thinner and thinner under the follicular pressure. At the moment of ovulation an ovum emerges in the place of the burst follicle.

Approximately 25% of women can feel lower abdominal pains or discomfort on the ovulation day or the next day. These unpleasant sensations are caused by irritation of the ovary or blood from the follicle when it ruptures. Here is where implantation spotting originates from. Ovulation discomfort isn’t necessarily felt in every cycle. But when you have it, you may come to the conclusion that ovulation has taken place.

Ovulation Cycle: How to Figure Out Your Ovulation Date?

If you want to detect the day of your ovulation, you will need punctuality and self-discipline, especially when measuring basal body temperature. Here is what you need to do.

  1. Mark the dates of the beginning and end of your menstruation, referring to the last 3-4 months.
  2. Count how many days there are in your menstrual cycle: from the 1st day of menstruation in this month till the last day before beginning of menstruation in the next month. For example, if your period starts on the 1st of April and the next menstruation starts on the 29th of April, your menstrual cycle is 28 days. Next month you may have the length of 3 days more or 3 days less, and such deviations are normal.
  3. Count when ovulation is supposed to occur. If your cycle is 28 days, ovulation usually happens on the 14th day from the beginning of menstruation. 35 day cycles have ovulation on the 21st day. Women with short 22 day cycles may ovulate as early as the 8th day! It should be mentioned that the date of the expected ovulation may be shifted (2-3 days back or forth) due to hormones, stress situations, diet, and similar factors.
  4. Make basal body temperature charts. They allow you to determine the ovulation date more accurately. Basal body temperature is the temperature in the mouth cavity, vagina or rectum. It must be taken daily (even on the days when you have menstruation) first time after you wake up in the morning. If you begin taking temperature, for example, in the mouth, you should continue so throughout the cycle. The results are marked in the chart. Ovulation will be defined by a temperature leap of at least 0,4 Celsius. Usually it’s recommended to make charts of at least 3 cycles in a row.
  5. Monitor the changes in your vaginal discharge. During ovulation it becomes more abundant, acquires more watery and stretchy consistency, like raw egg’s white. A day prior to ovulation the texture of vaginal secretions changes a little bit, but they become abundant only on the day of ovulation and stay so the next 48 hours,while the ovum is ready for impregnation.
  6. Pay attention to the way you feel. Increased libido, vulnerability and sensitivity are among subjective ovulation signs, some women report. Lower abdominal or back pulling pains and ovulation spotting are physical signs, some of us experience when ovulating.

Ovulation cycle can be determined on your own or with the help of Internet sources. If everything is done correctly, the mentioned steps helps a lot women, planning pregnancy. However, these methods can’t promise you 100% guarantee. You can also resort to consultation of medical professionals. A pelvic exam and ultrasound often help to detect ovulation more precisely.