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Green vaginal discharge is always a sign of infection

Vaginal discharge green in color

Green vaginal discharge is always a sign that there is an inflammatory process developing in a woman’s body. Such a color – unusual for a biological fluid – is due to the large number of white blood cells leaving the blood vessels to fight infection. Oncological disease in the uterus, the cervix or ovaries may also be the cause of yellow-green discharge with streaks of blood.

Main causes of green vaginal discharge

Clear or slightly whitish mucous secretion from the vulvovaginal glands and cervical glands occurs in all teenage girls about a year before menstruation. This is normal. However, when pathogens enter the genital tract and reproduce, the discharge becomes heavy and takes yellow, yellow-green or green color, which is caused usually by a defensive reaction of the body – white blood cells and globulins leaving the blood vessels.

Therefore, the main cause of green slime discharge is considered as infections caused by bacteria and protozoa:

  • Trichomoniasis
  • Gonorrhea
  • Chlamydia infection
  • Bacterial vaginosis

In addition, abundant yellow-green discharge occurs under inflammatory processes caused by intensified reproduction of streptococci, staphylococci, E. coli and other opportunistic pathogens such as:

  • Oophoritis
  • Adnexitis
  • Salpingitis
  • Endometritis

Green discharge caused by bacterial vaginosis

Discharge of profuse yellow-green mucus from the vagina is considered as the typical and even the main sign of bacterial vaginosis. It is difficult to call this disease infectious because it is caused, first of all, by vaginal dysbiosis, an imbalance in the normal microflora. Amid the imbalance, gardnerella – one of the microbes that are permanently present in the vaginal secretions of most women – starts breeding strenuously.

One of the characteristic features of this organism is the ability to produce gas. Therefore, the second typical sign of bacterial vaginosis is that the vaginal discharge has an unpleasant herring smell. The disease is often accompanied by itching and irritation, painful urination and swelling of the labia.

Bacterial vaginosis needs a complex treatment conventionally divided into two stages – destruction of gardnerella with antibiotics and restoration of the normal vaginal microflora. In addition to the therapy prescribed by the doctor, syringing and sitz baths with 0.5% soda solution, a decoction of chamomile, sage, lime and other herbs that have anti-inflammatory effects are also used.

Green mucus discharge in women with bacterial infections

According to statistics, cases of chlamydia, trichomoniasis and gonorrhea in women were recorded less frequently than in men. However, this does not mean that women are less susceptible to sexually transmitted infections. All these diseases often occur in a latent and worn down form, with minor intensity of such symptoms as itching, burning sensation and pain during urination, and scanty green discharge.

Often, women simply do not attach much importance to these symptoms, and thus the infectious process spreads to the uterus and ovaries.

Green discharge in women with acute bacterial infections

In women with acute trichomoniasis, profuse foamy yellow-green discharge becomes the very first symptom, and it is later followed by typical symptoms of vaginitis – discomfort, swelling, cutting pain during urination and frequent urge.

When there is a white to green stringy mucous discharge, then gonorrhea is the main suspect among other reproductive tract infections. Chlamydial infections can occur acutely only when the body is in an immunodeficiency state, while a yellow and light-green discharge with a pungent sour smell becomes one of the characteristic features of reproduction of protozoa.

Nevertheless, it is impossible to make a diagnosis based on only one clinical picture. Therefore, it is necessary to see a doctor for diagnosis and therapy. Identifying the species of microorganisms that caused a vaginal discharge is only possible through laboratory methods – smear microscopy and serological reactions.

Treatment is prescribed taking into account the sensitivity of the pathogen. Gonococci are very sensitive to penicillin series, chlamydia to tetracycline, and trichomonas to metronidazole.

Green discharge during inflammatory processes

Acute inflammation of the uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries is always accompanied by abundant yellow or yellow-green mucous discharge. Besides, there are enough clear symptoms of the disease under which women should immediately see a specialist. Some of them are:

  • Increase and morbidity of inguinal lymph nodes;
  • Increase in body temperature to 37.5-38 degrees;
  • Cutting and nagging pain in the lower abdomen, and often in the waist – the so-called girdle pain;
  • Irritability, sleep disturbance, abnormal menstrual cycle.

The chronicity of inflammatory diseases of the uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries may remain for long without attention because attacks and recurrence are replaced very quickly by a latent phase. Moreover, scanty yellow or greenish mucus discharge from the vagina often becomes the only sign of inflammation.

Infertility is often the consequence of inflammation of the internal reproductive organs. Therefore, it is necessary to immediately see a competent doctor even at the slightest suspicion.

Vaginal discharge in women with tumors

One of the early signs of cervical cancer is considered to be abundant liquid discharge from the vagina with greenish streaks of pus. All oncological processes in the female reproductive system become malignant quickly. Tissue destruction and the helplessness of the immune system against shielded  cells leads to menstrual disorders, pain, and to the very characteristic secretions that resemble a muddy water with flakes of pus and blood clots.

Under no circumstances should green vaginal discharge be regarded as normal. Its appearance is always a good enough reason to visit a doctor. Traditional methods can be used to get rid of green mucus secretions. However, the cause will still remain and be sure to resurface again in the future.